Preparing for Submission Submitted manuscripts should follow the recommendations stated in Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals.
In his/her covering letter, the corresponding author should reveal whether the submitted article – or very similar work - has been previously published or orally presented, or is under consideration elsewhere.
Please note that the submitting author will be the principal contact for editorial correspondence, throughout the peer review and proofreading process, if applicable.
Plagiarism Detection Co-Action Publishing is a member of CrossCheck by CrossRef and iThenticate. iThenticate is a plagiarism screening service that verifies the originality of content submitted before publication. iThenticate checks submissions against millions of published research papers, and billions of web content.
Co-Action Publishing uses iThenticate to screen all submissions for plagiarism before publication, but authors, researchers and freelancers can also use iThenticate to screen their work before submission by visiting http://research.ithenticate.com.
Language All articles should be written in English - British or American as long as consistency is observed. SI units should be used. Please subject the manuscript to professional language editing before submitting the final version if you are not a native speaker. A list of services can be found here.
Acknowledgements All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an acknowledgments section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chairperson who provided only general support. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged. Acknowledgements should be added to the title page that is submitted separately.
Conflict of interest and funding Authors are responsible for disclosing financial support from the industry or other conflicts of interest that might bias the interpretation of results.
Statistic validity If complicated statistical data are provided, the authors may be requested to submit a statement issued by a certified statistician regarding the validity of methods used.
Ethics and consent When reporting experiments on patients or animals, please indicate whether the procedures followed were approved by your local ethics committee and/or in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2008 (http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/17c.pdf).
PUBLICATION FEE See here.
WAIVER POLICY - please see here.
WITHDRAWAL OF MANUSCRIPT If you withdraw your manuscript after it has been peer reviewed, or after it has been typeset (but not yet published) you will be charged according to the following:
For peer review: EUR 475/USD 565 per article.
For peer review and typesetting: EUR 650/USD 755 per article.
Manuscript Layout Wherever possible, the paper should follow the traditional layout: introduction (motivation, problem identification and a short literature survey), present investigation (background, method, materials, subjects, results and discussion), and conclusion. Line numbers should be used.
Begin each section, including figure and table legends, on separate sheets; insert running page numbers. Line numbers should also be inserted.
Title page Organize the title page in the following way: 1) title of manuscript, 2) name of author(s), 3) name of department(s) and institution(s), 4) name and full postal and email address of the corresponding author who also acts as 'Guarantor' for all parts of the paper and 5) Acknowledgements. – Note that the Title page will be submitted separately and separated from the main manuscript. Neither author details nor Acknowledgements should be included in the main manuscript since the journal adheres a double-blind peer review.
The title should be informative and accurate and at the same time trigger the interest of the reader. A short running head will be derived from the title to appear on each page of the paper.
Abstract Articles must include a structured abstract of 200-300 words. The abstract should be able to provide sufficient information for a reader to be able to decide whether or not to proceed to the full text of the article. The abstract should be structured in the following way: Background, Objective, Design, Results, Discussion, Conclusions. After the abstract, please give 5-10 key words; avoid using the same words as in the title.
Section headings Please do not number section headings. Use a maximum of three levels of headings made clear by orthographic indicators, i.e. capitals, italics, bold etc.
References Number the references consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in the text by arabic numerals and in parentheses [e.g. (14)]. References should follow the standard biomedical format (so-called Vancouver style), recommended by ICJME. ARTICLES FAILING TO FOLLOW THIS STYLE WILL BE RETURNED TO THE AUTHORS FOR CORRECTION.
Information from papers in manuscript but not yet accepted should be cited in the text as 'unpublished observation(s)' or 'personal communication'.
For a key of how to abbreviate journal names, please consult the List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus, accessible at http://www.nlm.nih.gov
Some sources and documents are available in print, but also reproduced electronically for wide dissemination—government publications are an obvious example. If you use the electronic version of such a document, please give the URL and date on which you last accessed the electronic file to the citation.
Books and journals
- More than six authors: Parkin DM, Clayton D, Black RJ, Masuyer E, Friedl H, Ivanov E, et al. Childhood leukaemia in Europe after Chernobyl: 5 year follow-up. Br J Cancer. 1996;73:1006-12.
- Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 1 p.]. Available from: http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htmArticle
- Bandura A. Social foundations of thought and action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1986.
- Norman IJ, Redfern SJ, eds. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996.
- Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, eds. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995. p. 465-78.